‘Impossible’ to create AI tools like ChatGPT without copyrighted material, OpenAI says

‘Impossible’ to create AI tools like ChatGPT without copyrighted material, OpenAI says

technology By Jan 08, 2024 No Comments

OpenAI Claims Impossible to Create AI Tools like ChatGPT without Copyrighted Material

The developer OpenAI has emphasized the impossibility of creating advanced AI tools such as its revolutionary chatbot, ChatGPT, without access to copyrighted material. This assertion comes as artificial intelligence firms face mounting pressure regarding the content used to train their products.

Critical Role of Copyrighted Material in AI Training

OpenAI highlights the pivotal role of copyrighted material in the training of AI models. Chatbots like ChatGPT and image generators such as Stable Diffusion rely on extensive datasets sourced from the internet, a significant portion of which is covered by copyright laws. This legal protection serves to prevent the unauthorized use of individuals’ work.

Legal Challenges and Lawsuits

As a testament to the intensifying scrutiny faced by AI companies, OpenAI and Microsoft, a leading investor in OpenAI, were recently sued by the New York Times over alleged “unlawful use” of their work to develop products. This lawsuit underscores the growing legal challenges associated with the utilization of copyrighted material in AI development.

Moreover, additional legal complaints against OpenAI, including lawsuits from prominent authors such as George RR Martin and John Grisham, demonstrate the increasing friction between content creators and AI firms.

OpenAI‘s Response and Position on Copyright Law

In a submission to the House of Lords communications and digital select committee, OpenAI firmly stated its inability to train advanced AI models like the GPT-4 without leveraging copyrighted material. It argued that the expansive scope of copyright, covering a multitude of human expressions, makes it unfeasible to develop leading AI systems without incorporating copyrighted materials.

OpenAI further emphasized that restricting training materials to content from the public domain or outdated sources would yield insufficient AI systems, incapable of meeting the contemporary demands of users.

The ‘Fair Use’ Doctrine and AI Companies’ Defense

AI companies often rely on the legal doctrine of “fair use” to justify their utilization of copyrighted material. This doctrine permits the use of copyrighted content under specific circumstances without the need for the owner’s explicit permission.

OpenAI maintains that, from a legal perspective, copyright law does not prohibit the training of AI models, asserting the validity of their approach within the confines of existing copyright legislation.

Legal Battles and industry Impact

The legal landscape surrounding AI and copyrighted material is marked by contentious battles. Getty Images, one of the world’s largest photo libraries, is engaged in legal proceedings against Stability AI, the creator of Stable Diffusion, alleging copyright infringements in the US and England.

In another legal dispute, a group of music publishers, including Universal Music, are suing Anthropic, the company behind the Claude chatbot, for the alleged misuse of copyrighted song lyrics in training its model.

AI Safety and Regulatory Collaboration

OpenAI has expressed support for independent analysis of its security measures and endorses the concept of “red-teaming” for AI systems. This practice involves third-party researchers emulating the behavior of potential rogue actors to evaluate the safety and robustness of AI products.

Beyond these measures, it has agreed to collaborate with governments on safety testing for its most powerful models both before and after deployment, following an agreement established at a global safety summit in the UK the previous year.

In Conclusion

The ongoing controversy surrounding the use of copyrighted material for training AI models reflects the complex intersection of technology, legal principles, and intellectual property rights. As AI continues to advance, it is imperative for stakeholders to navigate this landscape meticulously, considering the implications for content creators, AI development, and the broader societal impact of AI technologies.

Source: theguardian

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